A life in crime (reporting)
DUNCAN CAMPBELL, a strong supporter of the Union, came to the February London Freelance Branch meeting to talk about his life in crime reporting. He told us it was a pleasure to be back in the Branch he first joined in the 1970s.
He had recently been at a memorial service for crime reporter Jimmy Nicholson - whose farewell marked the end of a "golden age" of crime reporting - at the Magpie and Stump pub opposite the Old Bailey. In the 19th century, court reporter Charles Dickens covered public hangings outside Newgate prison that could be viewed from the upstairs room at the Magpie and Stump. Crime reporting has an extremely distinguished lineage.
In those days, John Stevens of the Standard met detectives in a hotel off Grosvenor Square on Thursday nights with a pack of tenners. Newspapers got information. But when corruption at Scotland Yard was at its worst in the 1960s and 70s none of it was reported by crime reporters - it was exposed by other journalists on the Times.
Crime reporters were fantastically sexist. When Sylvia Jones became the first woman crime reporter, they tried to block her membership of the Crime Reporters' Association.
Duncan got started in student journalism at Edinburgh. Of his early features for the student paper, one was on a struck-off doctor who did then-illegal abortions. Another was on Lothian Constabulary arresting drinkers at (also illegal at the time) "homosexual bars". The third was on capital punishment, abolished in 1965. So Duncan "did stories on two things I hope no-one would ever try to make illegal again and one that I hope never comes back".
Then at Time Out Duncan got embroiled with the 1970s equivalent of whistleblower Edward Snowden. This was Phil Agee, who had worked for the CIA and spilled the beans, horrified by the Agency's involvement in genocide in Latin America. "One time we printed the names of all CIA people at the US Embassy." Despite support from the NUJ, the Agee-Hosenball Defence Committee failed to stop the subsequent deportations of Agee and young US Time Out reporter Mark Hosenball. It was an exciting time at Time Out: "we never knew when there'd be a raid. A colleague interviewed an IRA member and was arrested under the Prevention of Terrorism Act."
There were crimes to report on, too. Someone's head was cut off, left in a gents' in Islington and dumped the torso in the Thames. Duncan was sure that the resulting "Torso trial" was a miscarriage of justice.
For the Guardian Duncan reported on corruption at Stoke Newington police station in the 1990s. Police were allegedly "recycling" the drugs from busts. The Guardian reported that eight officers had been moved from Stoke Newington to eight different stations. It didn't name them, and said it was not suggesting that any were involved in the corruption.
Just before the then three-year limit for defamation lawsuits (it's now a year) writs arrived from solicitors to the Police Federation, who'd won all of a run of 95 separate actions to defend members' reputations. But Guardian editor Alan Rusbridger decided the Stoke Newington story was true and must be defended. He hired the "very tough" George Carman QC, who advised: always insist on a jury; and find someone in the jury you like the look of and deliver all your evidence to them. Despite Mr Justice French telling the jury,"you can award each officer £125,000..." they won 10-2.
When Duncan started, every paper had dedicated people covering the courts. The Press Association had seven at the Old Bailey. Now, many cases go unreported. Duncan has learned from crime reporting never to make assumptions: "I've met detectives who are experts on the playwright Harold Pinter or the painter Hieronymous Bosch. I've met criminals who did Open University degrees on Virginia Woolf."
As a result of the phone-hacking scandal it's much harder to get information from police. News International, as then was, "dobbed in all the confidential email and phone contacts" to avoid corporate prosecution. They acted as "classic grasses" and "poisoned the well" of confidential information. Now police careers are in danger if they're seen just having a drink with a journalist.
"Always protect your sources." You will get fantastic support from the NUJ. "One great thing about being my age," Duncan said, "is that most of my sources don't know how use email. Brian Reader (jailed for the Hatton Garden heist) didn't have a mobile phone - his co-conspirators would phone his son."
- See a much longer report at www.londonfreelance.org/fl/1703dunc.html - including the story of the strike against pay differentials and the strike sheet that lasted 11 years...